What Is A Wood Jointer & Types? A Beginners Guide

Woodworking is a great hobby for those who enjoy creating beautiful items with their own two hands.

Whether you’re an experienced woodworker or just getting started, having the right tools makes all the difference.

One such tool is a wood jointer: a powerful machine used to prepare boards for furniture making and other carpentry projects.

In this article, we’ll take a look at what a wood jointer is and how it can be used in woodworking projects.

Wood jointers are essential tools for serious woodworkers, as they allow them to create smooth, even surfaces on boards that would otherwise be impossible to achieve. They are also great for creating straight edges and removing small amounts of material from surfaces, allowing you to shape the board however you desire.

Whether you’re looking to make furniture or build something else entirely, a good quality wood jointer will make all the difference in your project’s outcome!

This guide covers the wood jointer basics and beginner tips. We’ll also explore the different types of jointers available.

With these tips in mind, anyone can become a master at working with wood jointers!

What Is A Wood Jointer? Simple Definition

Have you ever wondered what a wood jointer is?

A wood jointer is a woodworking tool used to create straight edges on a board. It helps to ensure that when two boards are joined together, their edges meet evenly and flush.

Typically, the jointer consists of an adjustable fence and a rotating cutting head with two to four blades.

The fence is set at an angle so that when the board is pushed through it, the blades shave off excess material from one side to create a perfectly straight edge.

The longer the jointer, the wider of a board it can handle.

Longer jointers are also more accurate in terms of keeping an even edge on both sides of the board.

Types Of Jointers

There are three main types of wood jointers- hand, table and bench models.

Each type has its pros and cons, so it’s important to consider which is best for your needs.

Hand Jointers


  • Portable and lightweight
  • Easy to use and store
  • Great for working on smaller pieces of wood


  • Not as powerful as other jointers
  • Limited capabilities when dealing with larger pieces of wood

Table Jointers


  • Versatile and can be used for a variety of projects
  • More powerful than hand jointers


  • Table top is relatively small, making it difficult to work with large pieces of wood

Bench Jointers


  • The most powerful type of jointer available
  • Can handle larger pieces of wood more easily – Has a wider table than the table jointer, providing more workspace


  • More expensive than other jointers – Harder to use than other types due to its size and weight

No matter which type you choose, it’s important to understand the basics before getting started.

Research different models, read reviews from experts and make sure you’re comfortable with the jointer before using it.

With the right knowledge and tools, you can create beautiful projects with ease.

Parts And Components

A wood jointer is like a masterpiece painting, composed of many intricate parts and components.

The most important component, of course, is the jointer itself.

It consists of a base unit that houses the motor, along with an adjustable fence and cutting head.

This allows you to make accurate cuts in wood.

Other components include blades, guards and chisels, which are used for creating various shapes and textures in the wood.

Finally, there are dust collection bags which help keep your work area clean while you work.

All these pieces work together to form a complete jointer that can be used to create beautiful pieces of furniture or other woodworking projects.

Uses And Benefits

Fortunately, a wood jointer can provide many great benefits to both professional and amateur woodworkers.

It’s an essential tool to have in any workshop as it helps to create projects that are even and flat.

With a wood jointer, users can easily smooth out rough edges or straighten bowed boards.

Another major benefit of having a wood jointer is that it allows users to join two pieces of wood together quickly and efficiently.

This is especially useful for creating large projects such as furniture or cabinets.

Not only will the end result look better, but it’ll also be much stronger and more durable than if the pieces were joined by hand.

Additionally, a wood jointer can save time on tedious tasks like planing or chiseling by allowing you to achieve the desired results in less time.

Safety Considerations

Safety is paramount when it comes to wood jointers.

As a beginner, it’s important to become familiar with the operation and use of the jointer so you don’t put yourself in danger.

Like a sentinel standing guard, always take a few moments to assess the situation before beginning any task.

It’s important to wear safety goggles and gloves when operating a jointer.

Additionally, make sure the blades are sharp and free of splinters or dullness.

Be sure to keep hands away from the blades at all times while they’re in motion.

If there is ever an issue with the machine, shut off power immediately and inspect for any potential hazards before restarting it again.

By taking these steps and being mindful while using your wood jointer, you can ensure that you complete your projects safely and efficiently without any mishaps or injuries.

How To Use A Jointer

Now that you know the safety considerations to keep in mind when using a wood jointer, it’s time to learn how to use one.

Before getting started, make sure to wear protective safety gear, such as eye and ear protection.

First, set up the jointer according to the manufacturer’s instructions and adjust the fence and cutter head.

If you’re new to jointers, start with a shallow cut of 1/8 inch or less.

To begin cutting your stock, position it against the fence and press down firmly against the infeed table.

Push the wood forward until it comes into contact with the cutterhead and then move it slowly along its length so that an even cut is produced.

Once you reach the end of your stock, lift it off of the outfeed table before lifting it off of the jointer itself.

Repeat this process for each piece of wood you want to joint until you’ve achieved your desired result.

With practice, patience, and attention to safety guidelines, you’ll soon be proficient in using a wood jointer.

Maintenance Tips

Maintaining your wood jointer is essential to getting the most out of it.

Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Make sure to check the blades and knives regularly for dullness or damage.
  • Clean the jointer and blades after each use, and oil them periodically.
  • Check all the screws, bolts and other moving parts for tightness.
  • Inspect your wood jointer for any signs of wear or damage before using it.

Finally, be sure to follow any instructions provided by the manufacturer regarding maintenance and safety procedures when using a wood jointer.

Doing so will ensure that yours stays in top working order for years to come!


In conclusion, a wood jointer is an invaluable tool for any woodworker.

It allows you to easily create smooth surfaces and perfect angles, bringing your projects to the next level.

With a little bit of practice and knowledge of the parts and components, you can use this tool safely and effectively.

It’s important to remember that with regular maintenance and safe operating procedures, your jointer will last for many years.

Make sure to always read the owner’s manual before using it, as well as brushing up on safety guidelines when necessary.

I also recommend checking out some tutorials or even taking a class to get more familiar with how the tool works.

A wood jointer is an essential part of any woodworker’s arsenal.

It can be used to make complex cuts quickly and accurately, so you can continue creating beautiful pieces in no time.

With a bit of care, your jointer will serve you faithfully for years to come!